The North offers sumptuous landscapes where mountains, lush valleys and forests follow one another through the foothills of the Himalayas. From its 2565 meters, Mount Doi Inthanon in Chiang Mai province is the highest point of the country. The mountainous areas are part of the famous “Golden Triangle”, the junction between the borders of Thailand, Myanmar and Laos.
Less suitable than the central plain for growing rice because of its greater altitude and variable rainfall, the North is still a region where agriculture is the main activity (cultivation of fruits and vegetables). It also produces teak (strictly regulated operations), and contains exceptional nature reserves such as the National Parks Doi Inthanon and Lang Sang.
It is in the north were born the first Thai kingdoms Lan Na, Nan, Chiang Mai and Chiang Saen, which explains the wealth of this region in archaeological and cultural relics.
Its population lives at a leisurely pace and consists mostly of farmers, artisans and hill tribes. The culinary level, the sticky rice stewed or coconut milk is required, the green papaya salad and all vegetables in general are much appreciated.
The main northern provinces are Chiang Mai, Lampang, Lamphun, Phayao, Mae Hong Son, Nan and Phrae.
The central plain is home to the national wealth: rice. The tropical climate and the many rivers that irrigate the area, making it one of the most fertile land in the world, able to produce up to three crops a year. The Chao Phraya or “mother of waters”, the longest river (352 km) flows through the region before emptying into the Gulf of Thailand.
The main provinces of the central plain is Bangkok, the capital of the kingdom, Sukhothai, Lopburi, Phitsanulok, Nonthaburi, Samut Sakhon, Nakhon Pathom, Ratchaburi and Kanchanaburi.